When we think about high-functioning autism,
usually what we’re talking about would be children who have an average or above average
IQ and children who are able to function in a mainstream or general education setting.
The question becomes what’s the difference between high-functioning autism and Asperger’s.
And the truth is that by the time children are 8 or 9 years old, we really can’t tell
the difference. The two different disorders manifest in different ways, in that autism
is associated with a language delay, whereas Asperger’s disorder is not associated with
a language delay. However, by the time the children are 8 or 9 years old, they’ve developed
their speech and typically their social issues and behavioral issues are pretty similar.