6 Extremely Bizarre Brain Disorders

Inside your skull is about one and a half
kilos of meat that somehow manages to keep you breathing, help you remember where your
wallet is and remind you which is the best hole to put your lunch in…err… not that
one. And you know what, maths tests aside, it normally
does a pretty decent job of stuff. But when you are dealing with something so
unbelievably complicated, among the billions of humans all over the planet, you’re occasionally
going to have some pretty unusual brain anomalies. There’s the obvious ones like amnesia and
dyslexia but today we’re looking at naughty neurons, peculiar pathways and confusing consciousness;
we’re looking at 6 bizarre brain disorders. Riley Day sounds like an awful 90s pop star
but it’s actually a genetic condition, officially named Familial dysautonomia, which has the
notable effect of making people unable to feel pain. But if you’re wondering “okay, so where
is this race of super people?” Well it also causes poor growth, unstable
blood pressure, violent vomiting, pneumonia and problems with speech and movement. So, whilst I’m sure they’d love to help
save you from a burning building, they kind of have their own issues to deal with. It’s also very unique to one group of people. The only ever cases of Riley-Day syndrome
have been found in Ashkenazi Jews. Jewish people are, for the most part, split
into 3 ethnic groups; Ashkenazi, Sephardic and Mizrahi. Ashkenazi is the biggest group, originally
from Eastern Europe, containing about 11 million people, half of which live in the US. To really rub it in, sufferers also don’t
produce tears. There’s also an opposite condition; Hyperalgesia,
which is a hyper-sensitivity to pain. This one’s not genetic though, it can be
caused by long-term opioid use, like with heroin addiction. Next we have Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. What do you think this is? Do you go chasing rabbits? Do you see smiling cats wherever you go? No, in this wonderland, you lose control of
your perception of size and things seem all out of proportion like you’re Alice, eating
the cake and drinking from the bottle, growing and shrinking. The medical terms are micropsia and macropsia;
that’s seeing things as small and seeing them as big. Or you can get pelopsia and teleopsia, where
objects seem nearer or further away. Unsurprisingly, this can happen through taking
hallucinogenic drugs but it also affects those with severe migraines and brain tumors. Many children experience a form of it at some
point but it disappears in teenage years. It’s also one of the symptoms of the Epstein–Barr
virus, which is a type of herpes. Interestingly, Lewis Carrol was known to suffer
from migraines so perhaps this was his inspiration for the distorted world down the rabbit hole. I don’t want to know how he got the idea
of an extremely high caterpillar though. The Cheshire Cat once said “If you do not
know where you want to go, it doesn’t matter which path you take” and this leads us to
our next condition; aboulomania. This is what we call pathological indecisiveness. A lot of people say they’re bad at making
decisions and might spend ten minutes gnawing at their finger nails as their eyes jump from
chocolate cake to cheesecake… obviously chocolate cake, you idiot … but this is
much worse than that. Decision making involves various parts of
the brain and varies depending on the type of choice, for example it’s a different
process for a free choice such as “what’s your favourite sandwich?” compared to a closed choice such as “beer
or cider”. With Aboulomania, the sufferers massively
over-analyze the options, always thinking of the worst outcomes and so manage to talk
themselves out of ever doing anything, effectively becoming socially paralyzed. Now let’s talk some sense. There’s a lot of misunderstanding about
the senses, for example the idea that there are only 5 of them. What about the sense of balance? of pain?
and proprioception? which is an understanding of the relative positions of your body parts. Synesthesia is a condition where perceptions
that are normally separate become mixed, such as seeing numbers as colours or tasting words. There are many different forms but the number-colour
thing is the most common, affecting yellow out of purple people with the condition. Some of the rarer forms of the condition include
seeing time as shapes and feeling other people’s sensations, like if you saw someone scratching
their leg, you would immediately feel that same scratching on your own thigh, it’s
like a hyper form of empathy. The list of famous synesthetes, as they’re
called, includes Pharrell Williams, Tesla and Kandinsky
Prosopagnosia is an impairment of your facial-recognition ability, controlled by the fusiform gyrus
in your frontal lobe. It can even result in not being able to recognize
your own face, which means you can play Where’s Wally with your own family album. A common issue that most of us have is a difficulty
telling apart people of different races. And it seems that it’s not that we can’t
tell the difference, it’s just that we don’t. Psychologist Daniel Levin puts it like this;
“When a white person looks at another white person’s nose, they’re likely to think to
themselves, ‘That’s John’s nose.’ When they look at a black person’s nose, they’re
likely to think, ‘That’s a black nose.'” For your own race you look in a holistic way,
getting an overall impression of it, whereas with other races you just bounce around the
features, like you’ve not seen a face before and are trying to understand it. Simply because your brain is less use to seeing
faces of other races than of your own. Obviously this improves dramatically if you
live in a multi-cultural area. But for those with prosopagnosia, there’s
no real way to improve they’re facial recognitions abilities, so they have to rely on remembering
people’s dress sense or body language in order to distinguish them. Not recognizing your own face is one thing
but what about not knowing who is in charge of your hand? Alien Hand Syndrome was first documented in
Germany in 1908 and has since been most commonly associated with people who’ve had the two
hemispheres of their brain surgically separated, often as a cure for epilepsy. But it can also occur after various brain
conditions like Alzheimer’s, tumors and so on. With Alien Hand Syndrome, one hand moves purposefully,
seemingly of its own will and the owner of the hand can do nothing to stop it no matter
how hard they try. If there are any bosses watching who have
had a sexual harassment allegation made against them, don’t try to use Alien Hand Syndrome
as an excuse, you are just a creep and you deserve to be fired. The brain is unbelievably complicated and
we never know what unusual brain syndrome will manifest itself, out of the blue. So, if you’re worried that you’ll never
stop smoking weed in your bedroom, playing Call of Duty and skipping on the housework,
maybe just keep sticking it out until the world finally recognizes your “Faulty-Motivational-Syndrome”
and you might get the sympathy you richly deserve.

100 thoughts on “6 Extremely Bizarre Brain Disorders

  1. I have this weird brain disorder that makes me involuntarily raise my left eyebrow whenever he raises it. Check it for yourself, you might have it too.

  2. Dysphoria
    not bizzare but I have it and life sucks. the only way to treat it is if I'm a dude but I'm not out so I can't treat it. and even though it's as natural as any other medical condition people still say I'm gonna go to hell from it and other's say I just need to suck it up.

  3. 2:35 I remember being at my aunts ranch and there was a cow that looked like it was at least 6 meters tall. I'm guessing this is why.

  4. 2: can confirm, i get that when i take shrooms sometimes, it's not that things look that different, it's more that your brain is just like "nah that car is tiny" or "look at how far away your hands are, your arms are soooo long"

  5. I have multiple forms of synesthesia. I have the common grapheme-color type (letters/numbers/words as colors), but the weirdest one I have is that I perceive time in a special sequence, it's basically 3-dimensional. It's kind of complicated to explain. It's not painful and, for me, not overly distracting, but it's cool. I like to paint songs so that people can see what I see when I'm listening to music. I don't want to know what life without synesthesia is like.

  6. Wait Alice in wonderland one is what I have temporarily. For example when I'm in bed daydreaming what to do my bed starts to grow and when I'm focusing on people they suddenly become tiny in my eye sight.. Should I go to a doctor??

  7. bro why do I got like half of these. I see a neurologist for severe migraines and hyperalgesia (which CAN be genetic), and I didn't know alice in wonderland syndrome or synesthesia were a thing until I was talking to a friend of mine and they were telling me about their synesthesia like it was a disorder they had and they looked at me like I was stupid when I said I thought everyone did that lmao. also thought I had bad depth perception that even glasses couldn't fix and that when I woke up in the middle of the night and my limbs looked too small and the things on my nightstand too big, I thought those were just hallucinations. oops

  8. Six rare brain disorders. So of course I have half of them (yes, diagnosed) FML. Oh well, could be a lot worse.

  9. I'm Ashkanazi, and I've been spending all this time fretting over the possibility of Down Syndrome, Prader Willi Syndrome, and Anancephaly. Guess I can add one more to the list.

  10. I have synthensasia, i also have autism and it’s common to come along with it. I have very strong colours with numbers and words. I also have strong smells when i feel certain emotions or people say certain words.

  11. My brain can't do all those cool things like remember where my wallet is. My brain is literally just one and a half kilos of meat. nothing else.

  12. 0:39
    I just
    I just
    I just-


  13. I have synesthesia, I have the extreme empathy ( I can sense other's pain mentally and physically just by looking at them!) and can see numbers, letters, sounds, tastes, smells, pains, and music as colour… I thought everyone had it at first and didn't even know I was different until earlier this year! It's pretty cool and I wouldn't want to change it for anything!

  14. Yeah I wanna be special so I guess I'll choose uhhhh 3, 5, and 6. Tomorrow, I'll go for 1, 2, and 4. It make me special when I make mental disorder shit up :). I also have uhhhhhhh self diagnosed OCD, ADHD, SCHIZOPHRENIA, ADD, AUtism, aspergers, uhhhh… Biploarism, PTSD….

  15. My friend is class has ADHD, has PTSD, and she has Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. She is literally the best person in the whole class

  16. I had AIWS for a little while. I mean, I guess it never really goes away… I just had symptoms for a little while, and it only really comes back when I'm super stressed or my hormones are playing up.

    Sometimes, I'd be in school, walking behind my friends, and suddenly I'd feel like they were giant, or I was tiny. Like, everything and everyone looked the same size they always were. There was just a pretty sudden shift in how they felt, to me.

    Also, when I would try to fall asleep some times, I'd picture a cube. Sometimes a different shape, but it was usually a cube. This cube would then change size, and end up making me super uncomfortable. For example, this cube would look normal sized, but feel huge, and I might imagine a ceiling up against it, like it was growing too big for the room it was in. But it didn't look any bigger. It was… creepy. I know some people with AIWS like the feeling, but I always got intense anxiety from it.

  17. i have alice in wonderland syndrome (pelopsia, teleopsia) and i can tell you
    seeing everything small and far away sucks

  18. the prosopagnosia one is something i seem to suffer from, if even my own mum puts her hair differently i have to figure out if shes even my mum because i cant recognize faces well at all! it makes live action tv shows extremely confusing unless the characters are very unique looking, or i have to try to remember whos voice is whos but thats hard cuz i dont know who is who

  19. don't you guys have the sense to smell people by looking at them? For example. Yung Gravy smells like mayonaise mixed with ballsack sweat

  20. 4:24 so I have both the rarer conditions? I can absolutely feel what another person feels like as if they were to touch their arm, i would feel it too.. Same but different with the time I look at a clock and I see multiple shapes. I ask my siblings and family members and they say they have never experienced any of these.

  21. as a kid I didn't even know what teleopsia was, but I realised I often used to look at things, especially around my room in bed, and they'd seem far further away than they actually are, I didn't realise it was a thing that happened to young kids either, I thought I'd have this problem forever, but now that I'm older I don't have this issue anymore.

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